Vietnam - the fast facts

Vietnam - the fast facts
Vietnam is located in Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia

Geographic Facts

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia

Geographic Co-ordinates: 16 10 N, 107 50 E

Area: total: 331,210 sq km land: 310,070 sq km

Lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
Highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m

Coastline: 3,444 km (excludes islands)

Climate: tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)

Facts About the Nation

Population: 89,571,130 (July 2010 est.)

Capital: Hanoi (Ha Noi)

Official Languages: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Government: Communist state

Ethnic Groups: Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khome 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nun 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census)

Religion: Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)

National Holiday: Independence Day, 2 September (1945)

Flag: red field with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center; red symbolizes revolution and blood, the five-pointed star represents the five elements of the populace - peasants, workers, intellectuals, traders, and soldiers - that unite to build socialism

Economy

Currency: Dong (VND)

Currency Exchange: see the latest currency exchange rate on www.xe.com.

Labour force by occupation: agriculture 51.8%, industry 15.4%, services 32.7% (April 2009)

Agriculture: paddy rice, coffee, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry; fish, seafood

Industries: food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper

History Timeline

1010 The Ly dynasty and the Chinese are repelled
1226 Tran dynasty
1288 The Mongols are defeated
1887 Creation of the Indochina Union
1932 Bao Dai, the last emperor, begins his reign
1940 Invasion of Indochina by Japan
1941 Ho Chi Minh takes power
1945 Ho Chi Minh declares independence in Hanoi
1959 The communist party starts military operations in the South and construction of the Ho Chi Minh trail begins
1961 Kennedy increases US military aid to South Vietnam
1973 US military withdraw

Information provided by The World Fact Book.

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